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Macular Degeneration

Understanding Macular Degeneration: Your Guide to Better Eye Health


Welcome to Peak Retina, your trusted partner in preserving and enhancing your vision. At Peak Retina, we understand the importance of clear and healthy eyesight, and we are dedicated to providing you with the best care for your retina-related concerns. In this article, we will delve into a common and potentially sight-threatening condition known as Macular Degeneration, often referred to as AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration). 

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration vision

Macular Degeneration, or AMD, is a progressive eye disease that primarily affects the macula, a small, highly sensitive area located at the center of the retina. The retina is the part of your eye responsible for capturing light and sending signals to the brain to create the images you see. The macula is crucial for sharp, central vision, which is essential for reading, recognizing faces, and performing tasks that require fine detail.

Types of Macular Degeneration

There are two main types of Macular Degeneration:

Dry Macular Degeneration (Atrophic AMD):

Dry AMD is the more common form of this condition, accounting for about 90% of cases. It is characterized by the gradual breakdown and thinning of the macular tissue. Patients with dry AMD may experience a slow decline in central vision over time. Although it can cause significant visual impairment, it usually progresses more slowly than the wet form.

Wet Macular Degeneration (Neovascular AMD):

Wet AMD is less common but more aggressive and severe. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the macula and leak fluid, leading to rapid and significant vision loss. This form of AMD requires prompt medical attention and treatment to prevent further vision deterioration.

Risk Factors

Several factors increase the risk of developing Macular Degeneration, including:

  • Age: AMD primarily affects individuals over the age of 50, with the risk increasing as you get older.
  • Genetics: A family history of AMD can elevate your risk.
  • Smoking: Smoking is a significant risk factor for AMD.
  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to harmful UV rays may contribute to the development of AMD.
  • Poor Diet: A diet low in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and nutrients like zinc and vitamins A, C, and E may increase the risk.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

The early stages of Macular Degeneration often go unnoticed because they may not cause any noticeable symptoms. As the condition progresses, individuals may experience:

  1. Blurred or distorted central vision.
  2. Difficulty reading or recognizing faces.
  3. Dark or empty areas in the center of your vision.
  4. Changes in color perception.
  5. Straight lines appearing wavy or crooked.

Early Detection and Treatment

Regular eye exams are essential for the early detection of Macular Degeneration, especially if you have risk factors. At Peak Retina, our experienced team of retina specialists uses state-of-the-art diagnostic tools and techniques to assess the health of your macula and retina. Early detection can make a significant difference in preserving your vision and managing the condition effectively.

Treatment options for Macular Degeneration vary depending on the type and severity of the disease. For Dry AMD, your eye care provider may recommend lifestyle modifications such as a healthier diet, smoking cessation, and nutritional supplements. In some cases, low vision aids may be prescribed to help you adapt to changes in your vision.

In the case of Wet AMD, treatment often involves injections of anti-VEGF drugs into the eye to inhibit the growth of abnormal blood vessels. These injections are administered in our office and have been highly successful in slowing the progression of the disease and, in some cases, improving vision.  Treatments must be performed at regular intervals, and regular visits will maximize vision preservation.


Macular Degeneration is a common eye condition that can have a profound impact on your vision and quality of life. At Peak Retina, we are here to guide you through the journey of understanding and managing this condition. Regular eye exams, early detection, and appropriate treatment are key to preserving your vision and maintaining a high quality of life.

Remember that you are not alone in this journey. Our dedicated team of retina specialists is here to provide you with compassionate care and the latest advancements in retina treatment. If you have any concerns about your eye health or suspect you may have Macular Degeneration, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with us. Together, we can work towards a brighter and clearer future for your vision.